Green manure is defined by Wikipedia, the free encyclopaedia on the internet as, quote “In agriculture, green manure is created by leaving uprooted or mown crop parts to wither on a field so that they serve as a mulch and soil amendment. The plants used for green manure are often cover crops grown primarily for this purpose. Typically, they are ploughed under and incorporated into the soil while green or shortly after flowering. Green manure is commonly associated with organic farming and can play an important role in sustainable annual cropping systems” end quote. If you are planning on planting a hedge, hedges, hedging or hedge plants into the bare soil in the United Kingdom UK that has a poor structure and is in need of extra fertility then it is worth your while to add green manure to the soil. In order to complete this task you need to know the correct technique to use and apply. The correct technique is simple and needs more patience than actual physical effort. Fast growing plants are sown onto the bare soil and once they have flowered are cut down and dug into the soil. The benefits of including green manure in your soil when planting your hedge, hedges, hedging or hedge plants are as follows.
Weeds are prevented from growing by the green manure’s foliage which strangles the weeds. The green manure’s roots bind the soil together and make it stronger. The green manure plants also protect the soil from rain and compaction and also invite suitable wildlife to the area. When the green manure is ploughed into the ground, valuable nutrients, that would have been lessened or in some cases completely lost, will be revived. The nodules of the pea and bean plants that are planted into the ground will inject nitrogen into the soil. Other benefits of green manures include protection of the soil surface from compaction by rain and shelter for beneficial insects such as ground beetles. The best time to plant your green manure into the soil where you will be placing your UK hedge, hedges, hedging or hedge plants is during late summer to early autumn in the United Kingdom. The best location to plant your green manures is anywhere that receives direct sun light for most of the day. That being said, some hedge plants do grow well in shady areas. The technique used for planting green manures is to plant the seed in rows.
An easier and less time wasting method is by sprinkling the seeds by hand onto the top of the soil with the main goal of spreading it uniformly over the entire field. Once the seeds are sown you then need to rake them over to ensure depth and uniformity. Green manures do not require any maintenance. You do, however, need to water them on a regular basis during prolonged hot and or dry weather in the UK. Green manure can be cut down during the next spring after they have been sowed and then left to wilt for two weeks. They can then be dug in to a depth of twenty five centimetres. Once you have dug them in you must leave the whole area alone for two to three weeks, sometimes even longer, before planting your hedge, hedges, hedging or hedge plants. The green manure seeds are available from Hedgexpress in specially selected proprietary mixes of seeds for particular situations. Some of the most popular seed varieties that many of the green manures include are, alfalfa, alsike clover, bitter blue lupin, buckwheat, crimson clover, essex red clover, fenugreek, fenugreek, field beans, fodder radish, forage pea, forage rye, grazing rye, italian ryegrass, lupins, mustard, phacelia, red clover, sweet clover, trefoil, white clover, winter field bean, winter tares and yellow trefoil.
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