Agricultural disinfectants are used to control various pests mainly the microbes (viruses,bacteria,fungi) which affect crops and have a serious impact on the economic output of a farm. Agricultural production must be increased considerably in the foreseeable future to meet the food and feed demands of a rising human population and increasing livestock production. There are several ways in which pest or disease populations can affect different physiological processes in plants. They may, for example, reduce crop stands by eliminating the plants, they may reduce inputs such as light, CO2 or water, they may affect rates of metabolic and growth processes directly or they may remove or consume previously produced material. Thus pathogen control by farm disinfectant plays a key role in safeguarding crop productivity against competition from weeds, animal pests, pathogens and viruses.
Hypochlorites & halogens,Quaternary ammonium compounds & phenols ,some oxidizing agents & aldehydes and few alcohols and acids are the approved disinfectants used in agriculture .These disinfectant products finds application in surface,aerial and water sanitizing. The 1,2,4-triazoles are one of the most widely used fungicide in cereals, rice, beet, trees, vegetables and flowers. Strobilurins is another commonly used fungicide which interfere with the production of adenosine-5′-triphosphate (ATP), the nucleotide that transports energy within cells for metabolism, thus preventing germination and growth. The strobilurins are mainly used on grasses (turf), vines, fruit and particularly cereals. o-Phenylphenol is also commonly used in agriculture to control bacterial and fungal growth on harvested crops, especially citrus fruits.
Hydrogen dioxide kills bacteria, fungus, algae and their spores immediately on is labeled as a disinfectant for use on greenhouse surfaces, equipment, benches, pots, trays and tools, and for use on plants. Hydrogen Peroxide, Peroxyacetic Acid and Octanoic Acid is a strong oxidizing agent used as an algecide on greenhouse structures and floor and is labeled for use in chemigation. But all these above mentioned products have their adverse effects on agriculture as well.
For eg, Q-salts are not protectants. They may eradicate certain pathogens, but will have little residual activity. Contact with any type of organic matter will inactivate them. The products tend to foam a bit when they are active. Hydrogen dioxide and Peroxyacetic acid may cause phytotoxicity for some crops, especially if applied above labeled rates or if plants are under stress. Hydrogen dioxide can be applied through an irrigation system. As a concentrate it is corrosive and causes eye and skin damage or irritation. Most of these disinfectants are non biodegradable and can cause potential environmental hazards.
SILVOX,a synergistic blend of hydrogen peroxide with silver ions is highly effective against microbial activity and can be used extensively as an agricultural disinfectant. Silver ions show oligo-dynamic effect on bacterial cells in relatively lower concentrations compared to the traditional disinfectants.Silver ions denature enzymes by reacting with the thiol groups to form silver sulfides.Hydrogen peroxide when used alone as as a disinfectant it decomposes to oxygen and water.Silver when added to hydrogen peroxide prevents its slow decomposition. The silver performs as an activator, but it activates the peroxide only when it is exposed to bio-foulants. On coming in contact with microbials the silver loss its stabilizing function and activates to release nascent oxygen to oxidize the exposed microbes. When all bacteria have been oxidized by the generated active oxygen compounds, the silver once again acts as a stabilizer for the remaining and non reacted oxygen.
SILVOX use as a disinfectant minimizes the use of other commercial harmful disinfectants products because of its unique features. ALSTASAN SILVOX dosed with water performs well in soil fumigation .It can be applied uniformly over moistened soil beds without any additional requirement of water rinsing and plant covering thus preventing nutrient depletion. This product makes the soil ready for plantation within 12 hours which effectively increases crop production.
Dosing of ALSTASAN SILVOX in irrigation water can be fed to the plant zone through a drip line. Repeating this once in every 15 days prevents re-growth of infectious pathogens. This product helps in preventing clogging of drip lines and venturimeters by removing biofilms and their re-growth. Agricultural tools like cutting knives, scissors,etc can be sterilized with Alstasan Silvox Solution. Seed treatment with Alstasan Silvox for 8-12 hours before plantation protect the seeds from soil borne diseases. It enhances the seed germination, reduces mortality, enhancing root formation.
Alstasan Silvox dosed with water helps in seed bed treatment by killing pathogens that affect the growth and development of seedlings. Pesticide applications leave unwanted taste and toxic residue on the produce prompting consumer rejection. Washing with ALSTASAN SILVOX ensures fresh farm appearance, eliminates toxic surface residues. It increases shelf life of the produce even after prolonged storage.This product has no phytotoxic effect and causes no taste or smell alteration. It is biodegradable and eco friendly having no carcinogenic and mutagenic effect to humans.